Hausbilder der Woche: Überlegene Planeten und gebrauchte Gött

Hausbilder der Woche: Überlegene Planeten und gebrauchte Gött


In 1781, astronomerWilliam Herschel came across a novel planet. He wished to title it Georgian Sidus (George’s Large title) after King George III, however all the totally different planets within the photo voltaic machine had been named after Roman gods. Fellow astronomer Johanne Bode instructed the title Uranus (a Greek god) can be a wiser match, although it took one different 50 years for the title to make the most of on.

Virtually each principal planet within the photo voltaic machine is known as after a Roman god or goddess. One of many essential planets are named because of their conduct: Mercury, as an illustration, is known as after the messenger of the gods as a result of it seems to be prefer to circulation by way of the sky so hasty. (It does so as a result of it orbits so shut to the solar.) And behemoth Jupiter is known as after the king of the gods. Whereas the planets are named after Roman deities within the Western world, they’ve diversified names in different contexts. The venerable Greeks often known as them by their Greek god names, unsurprisingly: Jupiter was once Zeus, Mercury was once Hermes, and Venus was once Aphrodite. The venerable Babylonians moreover named the planets after their deities: Jupiter was once Marduk, Mercury was once Nebo, and Venus was once the goddess Ishtar.

This week we’re happening an story hunch to go to each planet and acquire out about their namesakes, so snatch your trident and winged sandals and be a half of us on a commute by way of the photo voltaic machine.

Named for the hasty messenger of the gods by the Romans, because of the way it zips throughout the night sky, the planet Mercury whirls throughout the solar each 88 days. It’s a scorching dwelling, with an smart floor temperature of 332 ranges Fahrenheit, however, weirdly, water ice lurks in its shadowed craters. Proper here is the very first photograph taken of Mercury, captured by NASA’s Mariner 10 spacecraft in 1974. You could perchance properly additionally eye how the bottom is pocked with have an effect on craters—the remnants of collisions that took dwelling when the inside photo voltaic machine was once forming.Picture: NASA/JPL/USGS
The venerable Romans named this planet Venus, after the goddess of savor and charm, as a result of it shined so brightly and fantastically within the sky. What the venerable Romans couldn’t uncover recognized was once that Venus is shrouded in a thick environment of deadly gases, and that sulphuric acid rains onto a floor that may be a screaming-hot 863 ranges Fahrenheit. Venus is the second-closest planet to the solar, and is ceaselessly often known as Earth’s sister planet because the 2 are the identical in measurement and composition.Picture: NASA/JPL
Welcome dwelling to the one planet not named after a Roman god. The uncoverEarthis a mixture of English and German phrases that work out to mean “floor.” This photograph was once taken by NASA’s GOES satellite tv for pc and highlights every North and South The us.Picture: NASA
Due to this planet’s reddish hue, the venerable Romans named it Mars, after the god of conflict. What they didn’t know was once that Mars was once not crimson from blood, however because of the iron oxide (rust) within the soil. This international watch from NASA’s Viking orbiter was once taken in 1998. Are you able to assign of dwelling the polar ice cap?Picture: NASA/JPL/USGS
Jupiter is known as after the king of the gods. That’s as a result of Jupiter is *very mountainous*—the best of the whole planets. You could perchance properly match 1,300 Earths inside of Jupiter. When venerable civilizations seen the circulation of the planet, they’d perchance properly additionally goal guidelines by how lustrous it was once and the way slowly it moved that it was once intensive, and so they had been correct. NASA’s Hubble Home Telescope captured this picture of Jupiter, proven right here with a lustrous aurora at its northern pole.Picture: GSFC
Saturn is known as after the god of agriculture and wealth, so it’s turning into that it should be encircled by intensive blingy rings. NASA’s Cassini captured this picture in 2017, apt days earlier than the craft flew into the planet’s environment and burned up.Picture: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Home Science Institute
Named after the god of the sky, Uranus is very distant, and people uncover solely managed to go to it as quickly as, in 1986, when NASA’s Voyager 2 spacecraft captured this picture. The sunshine blue environment consists largely of hydrogen and helium, and a decent quantity of sulphur. (Sure Uranus doubtlessly rating of smells admire farts.)Picture: NASA/JPL-Caltech
When Urbain Leverrier came across this intensive frosty world in 1846, he and his colleagues might perchance properly guidelines by way of the telescope that the planet had a bluish tint, admire the ocean, in order that they named the eighth planet Neptune, after the god of the ocean. Like Uranus, now we uncover received solely visited Neptune as quickly as, when the Voyager 2 spacecraft flew by in 1989.Picture: NASA/JPL
A good distance, distant, miniature Pluto is known as after the god of the underworld as a result of it’s so frosty and shadowy there. This dwarf planet and its machine of moons are all named after the underworld, in precise truth. NASA visited Pluto for the precept and solely time in 2015 when the New Horizons spacecraft flew by on its method out of the photo voltaic machine and snapped this photograph of Pluto and its intensive nitrogen-ice coronary heart.Picture: NASA/Johns Hopkins Faculty Utilized Physics Laboratory/Southwest Evaluation Institute

Head over right here to gape at further rental images.

Correction 8: 46 pm ET 4/4/2019: A outdated model of this text incorrectly said the quantity of days it takes for Mercury to journey throughout the Photo voltaic.

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